An anal abscess is an infection in a gland in the anal canal around the anus. Fistulas are often the result of an abscess, and are passages connecting the anus and the skin or vagina. An anal abscess or fistula can be caused by infection or inflammatory bowel disease.
Signs & Symptoms:
- Anal abscesses can cause anal pain and swelling, relieved after the abscess is drained.
- Fistulas are marked by bloody or purulent discharge from a hole on the outside of the anus, as well as anal itch.
Anal abscesses are treated with drainage. Generally, fistulas require surgical repair. Procedures are individualized after conversation between the surgeon and the patient.